Middle East Architecture


Arabah, Muhafazat Ma`an
Basic Information
Type Monument
More Information
  • ~1200bc: Edomites settle the area.
  • ~400bc: Nabataeans begin building the city.
  • 312bc: Macedonian general Antigonous the One-Eyed fails to conquer the Nabataeans.
  • 106: Petra conquered by Rome. Becomes part of the Roman province of Arabia.
  • 551: Petra rocked by a severe earthquake. The city is abandoned.
  • ~1100: Petra is briefly rediscovered by the knights of the Crusades. They establish a temporary outpost.
  • 1812: Petra is discovered by Western archaeologist Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.