Arabah, Muhafazat Ma`an
- ~1200bc: Edomites settle the area.
- ~400bc: Nabataeans begin building the city.
- 312bc: Macedonian general Antigonous the One-Eyed fails to conquer the Nabataeans.
- 106: Petra conquered by Rome. Becomes part of the Roman province of Arabia.
- 551: Petra rocked by a severe earthquake. The city is abandoned.
- ~1100: Petra is briefly rediscovered by the knights of the Crusades. They establish a temporary outpost.
- 1812: Petra is discovered by Western archaeologist Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.